TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Serius89, HyperBASIC
Volume Number:6
Issue Number:2
Column Tag:Kelly's Corner

Serius89 and HyperBASIC

By Dave Kelly, MacTutor Editorial Board

Serius 89

Object Oriented Programming (OOP) has become a household phrase recently. Out of all of the OOP-la about OOP a wave of new OOP products have emerged. One of these is Serius89™ Developer which I have had the opportunity to examine. Serius Corporation of Salt Lake City, Utah is committed to developing Serius89 into a serious OOP development environment. It is their goal to fill needs of all Macintosh users, from developers to end users, to create their own applications.

Serius89 is a radically different approach to computer programming. It is based upon a set of Object Oriented routines written in C which Serius calls Object Interaction Protocol (OIP). OIP uses these self supporting routines called objects to present the user with a new way to put together a Macintosh application. You could think of Serius89 as a programmer’s erector set. You can create applications by connecting objects together much like tiles are connected together in a Double Helix data base. If you like Helix you’ll like this icon based approach to programming.

You as a Macintosh developer may develop OIP components which end users can assemble together in Serius89. There are some advantages to this approach it can eliminate costly code duplication, allowing a developer to utilize existing sets of routines. Once the routines have been written, you never need to rewrite the routine again.

The developer creates routines called methods that manage the low-level operation of data entities called objects. These methods are executed in response to events, which are generally posted by developers’ routines and managed privately by OIP. The Serius89 programmer never has to deal with the low-level operations once the developer has created the OIP routines. Here’s the catch the routines need to be pre-written before the programmer can put together the application.

Serius89 does not generate source code, but it does generate stand-alone, fully operational applications. The methods and functions are compiled together by the developer using any common Macintosh development system, then integrated into Serius89 to be used graphically to construct applications. The developer doesn’t need to know or understand conventional OOP to create the methods or functions.since most of the object orientation is handled automatically by the nature and structure of OIP. There are a number of MPW utility routines available in Pascal to handle the necessary tasks. (C or assembly developers may need to modify the interface declarations).

Serius89 includes several objects and functions which are ready to use to create applications. The big drawback is that the existing routines do not yet fully support the entire Macintosh toolbox. As long as your application is restricted to the objects that exist, you won’t have to write any new ones. I found that every application I wrote could not be implemented exactly as I desired because of missing functions. This isn’t all bad though, especially if you write your own objects and functions. These objects need only be written once and may then be used as many times as needed in your application. Serius is encouraging developers to create new functions and updates are provided periodically as new functions are made available.

Serius is a clearinghouse for all Serius89 objects and functions. Object Interaction Protocol, as with any development system, has basic guidelines that are established to maintain future compatibility. Each component has a unique ID number which should be registered with Serius to avoid ID conflicts in the future. As new components are created, some may require license agreements especially if written by third party developers. Objects which are provided with Serius89 include:

• Application: allows your program to launch other applications

• Button: specify any kind of button

• CD Audio: play audio CDs from your application

• Database: a powerful database engine

• Date: retrieves the current date

• File: allows your application to save objects to disk

• Menu: provides menus for your application

• Menu bar: creates a menu bar

• Menu item: defines menu items

• Number: this object stores a number (includes math functions)

• Picture: load and display PICT images

• Printer: allows access to standard Macintosh printers.

• Sound: load and play sound (snd) resources.

• Text: this object stores text

• Time: retrieves the current time

• Window: defines windows (zoomable document, document, fixed size document, dialog box, plain, plain with shadow, or rounded).

• Workstation: access AppleTalk networks and communicate with other Macintosh computers that are running Serius89 applications.

The version of Serius89 that I have reviewed is version 1.1. As I write this I am aware that version 1.2 has been completed (not yet reviewed) which allows all components to run under Multifinder, signals for windows to respond to Multifinder “switching”, workstation object now supports logging on with dynamic workstation names, improvements to keyboard, list, text, number, date and time objects, and several bug fixes. Alignment grids for positioning items as well as a layering system for functions on the workbench are also a part of version 1.2 . There are several other enhancements that are of importance including a faster database object. Version 1.3 was scheduled for release December 30 (prior to writing this column). Improvements are frequent and Serius is set up with a toll free technical support line to assist you. Even with all of this, there are a few areas that need to be improved which I should mention:

• There is no way to import resources from other sources with the exception of the Picture Object which will import PICT resources. This is a heavy stumbling block especially if you have special resources to include or want to use a favorite resource from another application. However, an icon editor is built in for creating icons for your application (no cut and paste available).

• The facility for positioning buttons, text, numbers etc is very crude. There are no tools and no grid lines. You can only drag objects and resize them in the window. I was assured that this was improved in the latest version which I have not yet seen.

I am sure that in time there will be significant improvements to Serius89. Updates have been coming out to registered users at the rate of about one every 4-6 weeks. If you can’t wait, and you can program, you could add your own objects. Serius89 is still in its infancy and will be quite powerful as soon as objects have been created which implement every aspect of the Macintosh toolbox. Until then, Serius89 is a powerful tool which can be expanded to meet any developer’s needs.

Serius Corporation

1981 East 4800 South

Salt Lake City, Utah 84117

801 272-7788 General Offices

800 876-6847 Technical Support

801 277-2440 FAX

BASIC WARS TAKES A RIGHT TURN

Note: Source code files accompanying article are located on MacTech CD-ROM or source code disks.

Along the way, HyperCard has both been praised and jeered. Yes, it has opened up a whole new world to some people who never dreamed they could program anything on a computer. Yet serious programmers have complained about its speed and others have wished it had more capabilities. Those with the C and Pascal compilers have been able to exclusively rule the world of XCMDs and XFCNs. Not any longer! Basic has taken a right hand turn and parked itself in the backyard of XCMD and XFCN.

Presenting HyperBASIC™ by Teknosys, Inc.

Creation of XCMDs and XFCNs is now easier than ever. The HyperBASIC application is a combination editor (multiple windows), compiler, linker and resource mover. Compiling a program is easy, just select the destination stack and select “Compile”. HyperBASIC does a quick syntax check then compiles, links, and moves the new XCMD or XFCN into the stack. If the syntax check finds an error, HyperBASIC gives suggestions of what needs to be changed. It doesn’t tell you exactly what the error is but it does flag the line the error occurred on except in a few cases when problems exist in a subroutine and the cursor is placed at the beginning of the XCMD or at the beginning of the subroutine. Suggestions of what went wrong are listed in a menu and when that item is selected, the item in the menu is pasted at the insertion point. Some improvement could be made in this area, but at least you don’t have to compile and run the routine before finding out that the problem is a simple typo.

In addition to being quick and easy to program, HyperBASIC is fast. When I ran the historic Sieve of Erastothenes,. HyperBASIC generated the 10 iterations of 1900 primes in 7.48 seconds on a Macintosh Plus, very close to the same speed as ZBasic. You can’t really compare HyperBasic and ZBasic though because they both serve different purposes. The “Accuracy” benchmark gives good results with an answer of x=503.43802 (correct answer) and s=1.23 in 2.12 seconds. (The benchmarks are shown below for the benefit of those that don’t have “The Complete MacTutor, Volume 2”, pg 379).

‘ 1

xCMD SieveofErastothenes
DEFINT a-s
DEFDBL t
DIM Flags(8191)
time1=_TickCount
’10 Iterations
FOR m=1 TO 10
Count=0
FOR i=1 to 8191
Flags(i)=1
NEXT i
FOR i=1 to 8191
IF Flags(i)=0 THEN GOTO 170
Prime=i+i+3
k=i+Prime
120 IF k<= 8190 THEN 
          Flags(k)=0
          k=k+Prime
          GOTO 120
END IF
Count=Count+1
170 NEXT i
NEXT m
time2=_TickCount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,8,Totaltime$
END

xCMD accuracy
‘ Accuracy Benchmark
‘ developed by R. Broucke
‘ at University of Texas, Austin
DEFDBL a-z
time1=_TickCount
s=0
x=0
FOR n=1 TO 1000
    s=s+x*x
    x=x+.00123
NEXT n
time2=_Tickcount
Totaltime=(time2-time1)/60
s$=str$(s)
x$=str$(x)
Totaltime$=str$(Totaltime)
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,1,s$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,2,x$
SETFIELDBYNUM 1,3,Totaltime$
end

HyperBASIC is a rich basic language which includes all the latest syntax such as CASE and multiple line IF-THEN-ELSE. With only minor modifications, programs written for MS QuickBASIC or ZBasic may be converted for use in HyperBASIC. Several new commands have been added to enhance the HyperCard XCMD/XFCN environment. A set of callback statements will allow you to:

• Get the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number.

• Set the contents of a card of background field by Name, ID, or Number. (a sample of this command is shown in the example above which sets the contents of specific field to the results of the benchmark).

• Get the contents of a global variable.

• Set the contents of a global variable.

• Evaluate expressions such as “the short name of this card”.

• Send a Message to a card such as “show card button 3”

• Send a Message to HyperCard such as “domenu new card”.

There are 376 built-in calls to the Macintosh toolbox which are listed in the HyperBASIC manual. Although the list is not expandable, it appears to be complete. Teknosys plans to add more toolbox calls in the next version (1.1) which will be released late in the first quarter of 1990. Version 1.1 will be free of charge to registered users (except for shipping and handling). Also included in version 1.1 will be support for strings greater than 32K in length (in case you want to use something besides HyperCard). More direct support for SuperCard and other products that can use XCMDs and XFCNs. MicroPhone from Software Ventures is already supported although you need to use ResEdit (or equivalent) to more the resources into MicroPhone.

For debugging purposes, subprogram names may be used to create a MacsBug symbol table. You can use the toolbox statement “_Debugger” to halt execution of the program at a critical point and call Macsbug to step through the processor instructions to find the problem. If you’re experienced with assembly language you may generate assembler output instead of the XCMD or XFCN to examine the code.

There are more than 30 example programs to get you started and get some great ideas for other XCMDs and XFCNs. Soon, Teknosys will be putting together a Tips and Techniques newsletter to provide help and examples of how to change Inside Macintosh calls for use in HyperBASIC. Currently, you must be familiar enough with the syntax used in IM to know what to change to use toolbox calls in HyperBASIC.

I highly recommend HyperBASIC as a “quick and easy” way to extend and speed up HyperCard. System Requirements: 1M RAM, System 6.0.2 (or later), HyperCard 1.2.1 (or later). A hard drive is recommended.

Teknosys, Inc.

3923 Coconut Palm Drive, Suite 111

Tampa, Florida 33619

813-620-3494

AppleLink: D3375

CompuServe: 73237,2370

MacNET: TEKNOSYS

Price: $99

No Copy Protection!

 
AAPL
$119.00
Apple Inc.
+1.40
MSFT
$47.75
Microsoft Corpora
+0.28
GOOG
$540.37
Google Inc.
-0.71

MacTech Search:
Community Search:

Software Updates via MacUpdate

Skype 7.2.0.412 - Voice-over-internet ph...
Skype allows you to talk to friends, family and co-workers across the Internet without the inconvenience of long distance telephone charges. Using peer-to-peer data transmission technology, Skype... Read more
HoudahSpot 3.9.6 - Advanced file search...
HoudahSpot is a powerful file search tool built upon MacOS X Spotlight. Spotlight unleashed Create detailed queries to locate the exact file you need Narrow down searches. Zero in on files Save... Read more
RapidWeaver 6.0.3 - Create template-base...
RapidWeaver is a next-generation Web design application to help you easily create professional-looking Web sites in minutes. No knowledge of complex code is required, RapidWeaver will take care of... Read more
iPhoto Library Manager 4.1.10 - Manage m...
iPhoto Library Manager lets you organize your photos into multiple iPhoto libraries. Separate your high school and college photos from your latest summer vacation pictures. Or keep some photo... Read more
iExplorer 3.5.1.9 - View and transfer al...
iExplorer is an iPhone browser for Mac lets you view the files on your iOS device. By using a drag and drop interface, you can quickly copy files and folders between your Mac and your iPhone or... Read more
MacUpdate Desktop 6.0.3 - Discover and i...
MacUpdate Desktop 6 brings seamless 1-click installs and version updates to your Mac. With a free MacUpdate account and MacUpdate Desktop 6, Mac users can now install almost any Mac app on macupdate.... Read more
SteerMouse 4.2.2 - Powerful third-party...
SteerMouse is an advanced driver for USB and Bluetooth mice. It also supports Apple Mighty Mouse very well. SteerMouse can assign various functions to buttons that Apple's software does not allow,... Read more
iMazing 1.1 - Complete iOS device manage...
iMazing (was DiskAid) is the ultimate iOS device manager with capabilities far beyond what iTunes offers. With iMazing and your iOS device (iPhone, iPad, or iPod), you can: Copy music to and from... Read more
PopChar X 7.0 - Floating window shows av...
PopChar X helps you get the most out of your font collection. With its crystal-clear interface, PopChar X provides a frustration-free way to access any font's special characters. Expanded... Read more
OneNote 15.4 - Free digital notebook fro...
OneNote is your very own digital notebook. With OneNote, you can capture that flash of genius, that moment of inspiration, or that list of errands that's too important to forget. Whether you're at... Read more

Latest Forum Discussions

See All

Lucha Amigos (Games)
Lucha Amigos 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Forget Ninja Turtles, and meet Wrestlers Turtles! Crazier, Spicier and…Bouncier! Sling carapaces of 7 Luchadores to knock all... | Read more »
Raby (Games)
Raby 1.0.3 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0.3 (iTunes) Description: ***WARNING - Raby runs on: iPhone 5, iPhone 5C, iPhone 5S, iPhone 6, iPhone 6 Plus, iPad Mini Retina, iPad Mini 3, iPad 4, iPad Air,... | Read more »
Oddworld: Stranger's Wrath (Games)
Oddworld: Stranger's Wrath 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $5.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: ** PLEASE NOTE: Oddworld Stranger's Wrath requires at least an iPhone 4S, iPad 2, iPad Mini or iPod Touch 5th gen... | Read more »
Bounce On Back (Games)
Bounce On Back 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
Dwelp (Games)
Dwelp 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: === 50% off for a limited time, to celebrate release === Dwelp is an elegant little puzzler with a brand new game mechanic. To complete a... | Read more »
Make Way for Fat Chicken, from the Maker...
Make Way for Fat Chicken, from the Makers of Scrap Squad Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 26th, 2014 [ permalink ] Relevant Games has announced they will be releasing their reverse tower defense game, | Read more »
Tripnary Review
Tripnary Review By Jennifer Allen on November 26th, 2014 Our Rating: :: TRAVEL BUCKET LISTiPhone App - Designed for the iPhone, compatible with the iPad Want to create a travel bucket list? Tripnary is a fun way to do exactly that... | Read more »
Ossian Studios’ RPG, The Shadow Sun, is...
Ossian Studios’ RPG, The Shadow Sun, is Now Available for $4.99 Posted by Jessica Fisher on November 26th, 2014 [ permalink ] Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad | Read more »
Mmmm, Tasty – Having the Angry Birds for...
The very first Angry Birds debuted on iOS back in 2009. When you sit back and tally up the number of Angry Birds games out there and the impact they’ve had on pop culture as a whole, you just need to ask yourself: “How would the birds taste... | Read more »
Rescue Quest Review
Rescue Quest Review By Jennifer Allen on November 26th, 2014 Our Rating: :: PATH BASED MATCH-3Universal App - Designed for iPhone and iPad Guide a wizard to safety by matching gems. Rescue Quest might not be an entirely original... | Read more »

Price Scanner via MacPrices.net

Apple Store Black Friday sale for 2014: $100...
BLACK FRIDAY The Apple Store has posted their Black Friday deals for 2014. Receive a $100 PRODUCT(RED) branded iTunes gift card with the purchase of select Macs, $50 with iPads, and $25 with iPods,... Read more
Black Friday: 15% off iTunes Gift Cards
Staples is offering 15% off $50 and $100 iTunes Gift Cards on their online store as part of their Black Friday sale. Click here for more information. Shipping is free. Best Buy is offering $100... Read more
BEVL Releases Dock Tailored for iPhone 6 and...
Seattle based BEVL has released their first product: an iPhone dock that is divergent in build quality, rock-solid function and visual simplicity to complement the iPhone. BEVL is now accepting... Read more
Black Friday: $150 off 13-inch Retina MacBook...
 Best Buy has 13-inch 2.6GHz Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $150 off MSRP on their online store as part of their Black Friday sale. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available).... Read more
Black Friday: $300 off 15-inch Retina MacBook...
 B&H Photo has the new 2014 15″ Retina MacBook Pros on sale for $300 off MSRP as part of their Black Friday sale. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 15″ 2.2GHz Retina... Read more
Black Friday: Up to $140 off MacBook Airs, fr...
 B&H Photo has 2014 MacBook Airs on sale for up to $140 off MSRP as part of their Black Friday sale. Shipping is free, and B&H charges NY sales tax only: - 11″ 128GB MacBook Air: $799 $100... Read more
Black Friday: 13-inch 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on s...
 Best Buy has the 13″ 2.5GHz MacBook Pro on sale for $899.99 on their online store as part of their Black Friday sale. Choose free shipping or free instant local store pickup (if available). Their... Read more
Black Friday: 21-inch 1.4GHz iMac on sale for...
 Best Buy has the 21″ 1.4GHz iMac on sale for $899.99 on their online store as part of their Black Friday sale. Their price is $200 off MSRP. Choose free shipping or free local store pick up. Price... Read more
Black Friday iPad Air 2 sale prices, $100 off...
 Best Buy has iPad Air 2s on sale for $100 off MSRP on their online store for Black Friday. Choose free shipping or free local store pickup (if available). Sale prices available for online orders... Read more
2014 1.4GHz Mac mini on sale for $449, save $...
 B&H Photo has the new 1.4GHz Mac mini on sale for $449.99 including free shipping plus NY tax only. Their price is $50 off MSRP, and it’s the lowest price available for this new model. Adorama... Read more

Jobs Board

*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
Senior Event Manager, *Apple* Retail Market...
…This senior level position is responsible for leading and imagining the Apple Retail Team's global event strategy. Delivering an overarching brand story; in-store, Read more
*Apple* Retail - Multiple Positions (US) - A...
Sales Specialist - Retail Customer Service and Sales Transform Apple Store visitors into loyal Apple customers. When customers enter the store, you're also the Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
*Apple* Solutions Consultant (ASC) - Apple (...
**Job Summary** The ASC is an Apple employee who serves as an Apple brand ambassador and influencer in a Reseller's store. The ASC's role is to grow Apple Read more
All contents are Copyright 1984-2011 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.